If your gums bleed during brushing it could be a sign of Gum Disease.
What Causes Gum Disease (Gingivitis)?
Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease, but other factors can contribute to periodontal disease, such as:
- Hormonal changes, like those occurring during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation, could make oral gums sensitive, which makes it easier for gingivitis to develop. Long-term illnesses that disrupt the immune system may affect the condition of your gums.
- Medications can also affect oral health, because some lessen the flow of saliva, which has a protective effect on teeth and gums. Some drugs can cause abnormal growth of gum tissue.
- Yet another reason to stop smoking, Smoking hinders gum tissue to repair itself.
- Poor oral hygiene habits such as not brushing and flossing on a daily basis, contributes to the development of gingivitis.
- Hereditary, family history of dental disease can be a contributing factor for the development of gingivitis.
How Does My Dentist Diagnose Gum Disease?
During a dental exam, your dentist typically checks your gums for bleeding, swelling, firmness, and the space between the gum and tooth. (the larger and deeper the pocket, the more severe the disease), Teeth movement and sensitivity and proper teeth alignment and Your jawbone, to help detect the breakdown of bone surrounding your teeth.
What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?
Gum disease may progress painlessly, producing few obvious signs, even in the late stages of the disease. Although the symptoms of periodontal disease often are subtle, the condition is not entirely without warning signs. Certain symptoms may point to some form of the disease. Some of the symptoms of gum disease include:
- Gums that bleed during and after tooth brushing -Red, swollen, or tender gums –
- Persistent bad breath
- Bad taste in the mouth.
- Receding gums -Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
- Loose or shifting teeth -Changes in the way teeth fit together upon biting down, or in the fit of partial dentures.
Even if you don’t notice any symptoms, you may have some degree of gum disease. In some people, gum disease may affect only certain teeth, such as the molars. Consult your dentist or a periodontitis who can diagnose and determine the progression of gum disease.
Why Treat Gum Disease?
- Gingivitis can be painful, and if it is painful people tend to not brush or floss, which could then exacerbate the problem. Gingivitis is treatable!
- Having gums bleed when brushing can deter brushing as well. Some people mistakenly think that brushing causes the bleeding. The bleeding from brushing is a symptom and generally not the reason for the bleeding.
- Recent research suggests that a healthy mouth is linked to a healthy heart. We’re not saying brushing your teeth will prevent a stroke, but research is beginning to suggest it is a factor.
“Studies show that the bacteria found in periodontal disease — including Streptococcus sanguis, which plays a role in strokes– spreads to the heart. “The two appear to go hand-in-hand,” Merritt says. “In the absence of gum disease, there is significantly less of these bacteria in the heart.” WebMD
How Is Gum Disease Treated?
Treatment options depend on the progression and severity of the gingivitis and your health.
Options range from nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth.
- There are over the counter toothpaste and oral rinses.
- Make your own saline. Mix ½ teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. Rinse your mouth. Repeat in the morning and evening.
- Regular dental check-up and cleaning, the dental hygienist is trained to get the plaque that builds up above the gum line when you eat. Yes, brushing helps but it cannot get up beyond the gum line.
- Your dentist will be able to tell you the different variety of treatments that will best suit your needs.